The Roman Museum Obernburg am Main presents finds from the Fort Nemaninga of the 4. Aquarian Equestrian cohort of Roman citizens, Britannia Numerinese Border Guards and the camp village. The Roman city lies on UNESCO World Heritage Limes and is known as "Pompeii on the Main" due to the special state of preservation of the important ancient finds. On the ground floor of the museum is a large collection of stones with inscription stones of the beneficiarii consulares, the building inscription from the staff building of the cohort fort and fragments of several Jupiter giant columns.
After being inspired by the excavations in Pompeii, King Ludwig I, King of Bavaria, had this ideal replica of a Roman house built by the architect Friedrich von Gärtner in 1840–1848 . Ancient examples were copied or modeled for the splendid interior painting and the mosaic floors. Additinally, original Roman works of art from the collections of the Staatliche Antikensammlungen and the Glyptothek in Munich have also been on view since 1994.
The Museum für Antike Schifffahrt is housed in an old engine lodge not far from the Roman Theater in Mainz Südstadt. There, visitors can get to know the variety of ancient vessels: simple boats and canoes, merchant ships, patrol boats and warships. Inscriptions on the gravestones of fleet soldiers trace their eventful lives. Visitors can learn a lot about everyday life in the Roman fleet from letters and documents.
The museum presents, preserves and explores the archaeology and history of the city of Frankfurt and its surroundings - from the Neolithic to the early modern period. The significant regional and urban, historical finds come from extensive archaeological excavations. These include the large-scale excavations in the Roman city of Nida (Frankfurt-Heddernheim), in Frankfurt's old town and the former Jewish ghetto on Börneplatz.
The fort, which was rebuilt over 100 years ago, stands on the elevation of the Saalburg Pass in the Taunus. In the past, it guarded the former border of the Roman Empire, the Limes. Surrounded by the ruins of a Roman village and reconstructed sanctuaries under old trees, the Saalburg conveys the impressive atmosphere of an archaeological landscape park.
The Celtic saltworks in the Bad Nauheim area played an important role as salt suppliers for the surrounding area since the 3rd century BC. Especially the large Celtic oppida near Oberursel in the Taunus and near Biebertal on the edge of the Westerwald probably owe their wealth to this salt production. About 160 years ago, ash layers, hearths, stone pavements and Celtic objects made of ceramics and metal were discovered during new construction in the core city and during the creation of the spa park, which were clearly related to salt production. Extensive excavations followed in the 1950s and 1960s, which brought to light not only Celtic but also early medieval saltworks. Excavations since 1995 have uncovered the largest early industrial Celtic site in Europe to date. Visitors can boil salt themselves in the archaeological pavilion under expert guidance just like the Celts did.